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Not many knew that what they actually wear is sourced from a farm that’s located some thousands of miles away. Almost 50% of the clothes sold in the marketplace are manufactured of cotton, cultivated by millions of cotton farmers all over the world. No less than 29 million tonnes of cotton are produced every year which is spun into 29 T-shirts per individual on earth. But the question is all cotton made equal?
There have been compelling reasons to choose organic cotton over conventional cotton types. Studies, consistently, have pointed out that organic cotton has had minimum impact on the much-debated climate change.
First, the farming method of organic cotton is comparatively different from that of conventional cotton as the impact of damage to the environment is MINIMUM if not zero.
Growing conventional cotton has been found to consume about 3% of all water sources worldwide, i.e., it consumes an estimated 10,000 liters of water for producing 1kg of cotton, even in water-starved countries. Contrastingly, a peer-reviewed study on life-cycle analysis concluded that organic cotton uses less than 91% water, 62% less energy consumption and 46% less emission of greenhouse gasses against conventional types.
Growing organic cotton helps increase crop rotation. This means different crops can be grown each season for effective pest control breaks, thereby organically increasing soil fertility levels.
This will also lead to healthy soils that allow crops to grow better in drought and flood situations, which again brings us to the point that organic cotton can combat climate change with extremely unpredictable and irregular weather patterns better.
Crop rotation allows farmers to cultivate different varieties of crops besides cotton. Because these crops are grown naturally without any harmful pesticides and artificial additives, they can turn out to be an important source of food that is safe for consumption by all or as a means of alternative income.
It is due to the above-mentioned point that organic farming is considered by several NGOs, private organizations, governments, and even the UN as to playing an important part in food security, one of the biggest challenges of our times.
Because of this, organic farming plays an important role in food security, something recognized by many NGOs, governments and the UN.